What is menstruation?
Menstruation cycle or monthly periods occurs when blood and tissues from your uterus come out through vagina. It happens every month. Your monthly periods helps your body prepare for pregnancy every month.
Every woman experiences different symptoms, some of the common symptoms include:
- Breast tenderness
- Acne breakouts
- Leg, back, or stomach pain
- Mood swings
Menstrual cycle problems
Some women at times experience period problems or irregularities in period. Common problems are:
Amenorrhea- This refers to absence of period for almost 90 days. Factors that contribute to this are pregnancy, breastfeeding, stress, heavy workout.
Dysmenorrhea- This refers to severe menstrual pain. Possible causes include uterine fibroids, endometriosis, and excessive levels of a hormone called prostaglandin.
Abnormal uterine bleeding- This refers to bleeding between periods or after sex, any vaginal spotting, unusually heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding, and postmenopausal bleeding.
Irregular period problems
Periods are considered irregular if your monthly cycle is shorter or longer on an average, which means the time duration of monthly cycle is less than 24 days or more than 38 days.
Causes of irregular periods include:
- Eating disorders.
- Thyroid problems
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI)
- Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
- Uncontrolled diabetes (for person suffering from diabetes)
Heavy bleeding problem
If you suffer from heavy bleeding, your periods may be very painful that you may even find hard to do normal activities. If your hormones or uterine lining get out of balance, the uterine lining can bleed too much. This can cause heavy bleeding as the lining is pushed out during the next menstrual period.
Migraine during Menstrual cycle
About 4 out of 10 women suffer from severe headache in their life. Many of them reported that their migraine happens around their periods. Researchers are not sure what causes migraine. There can be many factors can could trigger migraine, it includes stress, anxiety, and bright or flash lights. Also, the hormones that control the cycle may affect headache-related chemicals in the brain.